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Preparation And Application Of Silicon Carbide Powder

Silicon Carbide, the chemical formula for SiC, belongs to the covalent bond material, C and Si belong to the same family, all have quadruvalent bond, Si also has metal properties, two elements of the material, its structure with mesh, shape characteristics, properties with high strength, So silicon carbide material performance is good high temperature strength, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, high thermal conductivity, high insulation.

Structure determines performance, the higher the performance, it requires the fine microstructure of silicon carbide material, so its preparation method becomes the key to obtain high-performance silicon carbide material.

The Preparation Method Of Silicon Carbide Powder

The preparation methods of silicon carbide abrasive powder include the traditional solid phase reaction method, and the latest sol-gel method, laser method and plasma method. In this paper, according the gas, solid, and liquid three commonly used methods are classified as follows.

The Solid Phase Method

1.1. Carbothermic reduction

This method was invented by Acheson. The specific method is as follows: in Acheson electric furnace, silicon dioxide in quartz sand is reduced by carbon to produce silicon carbide. The silicon carbide particles obtained by this method are coarse and consume a large amount of electricity.

1.2. Direct carbon-silicon reaction method

1.2.1. Self-propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS)

An external heat source ignites the reactant body, and the chemical reaction heat released by the material during the synthesis process is used to maintain the synthesis process by itself.


The powder obtained by this method has high purity and small particle size, but Mg is removed by pickling and other processes.

1.2.2. Mechanical alloying

The carbon powder and silicon powder were prepared with a molar ratio of 1:1, and the grinding ball and powder were encapsulated in an argon tank with a mass ratio of 40:1. Mechanical ball milling was carried out on a ball mill for 25 hours, and silicon carbide powder with an average grain size of about 6nm was obtained.

Liquid Phase Method

2.1. Sol-gel method

The law as a liquid mixture Si alcohol salt precursor chemicals, will it dissolve in solvents to form a homogeneous solution at low temperature, add the appropriate solidifier makes alkoxide hydrolysis, polymerization reaction generated after the uniform and stable sol system, again after a long time to place or dry processing, condensed into a mixture of Si and C at the molecular level or polymers, A two-phase mixture of SiO2 and C with uniform composition and fine particle size was formed by heating, and the SiC fine powder was finally prepared by carbon reduction reaction at 1460~1600℃.

2.2. Polymer decomposition method

Silicon carbide ceramic material is prepared by the polymer pyrolysis method, which is composed of glass carbon immersed in liquid silicon. The mixture of trimethylene glycol, hydroxyethyl ether, and furfuryl alcohol resin is used for polymerization and furfuryl alcohol phase separation under the catalytic action of organic acid, and then the pyrolysis is performed to form microporous carbon. Finally, the liquid silicon is sintered and the free silicon is removed. Silicon carbide powder is prepared.

The Gas Phase Method

3.1. Gas reaction precipitation method

The sih4-c2h4-h2 system was studied at 1423~1673K, and the silicon carbide with an average particle size of 11nm was prepared.

3.2. Plasma method

Silicon carbide was prepared by plasma chemical vapor precipitation.

3.3. Laser-induced gas phase method

SiH4 and C2H4 were used as raw materials to prepare the average particle size of 20nm.

Application Direction Of Silicon Carbide Powder

1. Abrasives - Tools

Using its high-temperature resistance and wear resistance, often used in the production of abrasion-grinding tools. In art, silicon carbide is a popular abrasive for modern gemstones due to its durability and low material cost. In manufacturing, it is used for hardness in abrasive processing such as grinding, honing, water jet cutting, and sandblasting. Silicon carbide particle composite paper manufacturing sandpaper and skateboard grip belt.

2. Structural materials

In high-temperature kilns, silicon carbide is used as a support and shelving material, such as firing ceramics, glass melting, or glass casting. And the production of a new strong plastic alloy for aerospace, automotive, and microelectronics.

3. Auto parts

Silicon permeated carbon-carbon composites are used in high-performance "ceramic" brake discs because of their ability to withstand extreme temperatures. Silicon carbide is also used in sintering to form diesel particulate filters. SiC is also used as a lubricant additive to reduce friction and exhaust emissions.

4. Cast crucible

The high-temperature resistance of silicon carbide is used to license the crucible of molten metal.

As a pro silicon carbide powder supplier in China, HAOYUN provides quality sic powder  for varied applications. Feel free to contact us for further info.

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Xiliubei Village, Daiye Town, Dengfeng City, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China
Unit D, 16/F, One Capital Place, 18 Luard Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong. +852-2815 0191 (HK)